Wildflowers of the Catskills


summerwildflowerpanorama -WG

There are hundreds of species of plants in the Catskills. As early as the mid-eighteenth century botanists and horticulturalists found and catalogued some of these plants. John Bartram collected seeds and plant specimens for study and export, introducing North American plants to Europe where they were sought by wealthy estate owners and botanical gardens. Similarly, immigrants brought many non-native plants to the Catskills that have become naturalized.

We have listed with photographs many of the wildflowers commonly found in the Catskills. They are arranged by season and then color:  green – white; yellow – orange; red – pink; and purple – blue. Seasonal categories reflect earlier appearances, but many plants bloom for many weeks.

While it was not our intent to create a comprehensive list, it has grown to over 160 species. All pictures were taken by members of the CMC.  Many thanks to Linda Kukol and to Howard Raab for their numerous photo contributions. Also, special thanks to Dr. Mike Kudish and to Molly Marquand of the Catskill Native Plant Society for helping us get plant identifications right.

For detailed information on any plant simply copy the scientific name, visit the Natural Resources Conservation Service website or a similar one and paste the name into the search field.

NOTE:  As you explore the Catskills, you will come across several different invasive non-native plants. Though not all invasives are aggressive, those that are pose a serious threat to native species. As such, they have been targeted for monitoring and control. Take a look at the “Terrestrial Plants” link on the New York Invasive Species Information website for more about the plants and the work being done. If you would like to help, check out the Catskill Regional Invasive Species Partnership (CRISP) website. You can learn how to report invasives that you find on your hikes and other forays into the woods using iMapInvasives.

-Edited by Wendell George

NOTE:  It is illegal to harvest or remove plants from the Catskill Forest Preserve.  In addition, many plants are classified as threatened or endangered and are protected wherever they may be found. The CMC endorses Leave No Trace principles.




Bloodroot  (Sanguinaria canadensis)

bloodroot IMG_2382rcr_wg Bloodroot I_hr










Bunchberry  (Cornus canadensis)

bunchberry IMG_1056rcr_wgBunchberry -LK










Dutchman’s Breeches  (Dicentra cucullaria)

Dutchman's Breeches IMG_3049rcr_wgDutchman's Britches










Dwarf Ginseng  (Panax trifolium)

Dwarf GinsengIMG_7470 - Dwark Ginseng -LK









Foamflower  (Tiarella cordifolia)

foamflower_arfoamflower IMG_3095rcr_wg









Round-lobed Hepatica   (Hepatica americana)

Hepatica_hrIMG_3333 Round-lobed Hepatica -LKRound-leaf Hepatica -LK










Rue Anemone (Thalictrum thalictroides)

IMG_7419 Rue Anemone -LK










Squirrel Corn  (Dicentra canadensis)

squirrel corn IMG_3068rcr_wgsquirrel corn IMG_3069cr_wg










Starflower  (Trientalis borealis)

starflower IMG_0925rcr_wgStarflower -LK







Small White Violet or Smooth White Violet  (Viola Macloskeyi)

white violets_hrIMG_7413 Small White Violet -LK










Wild Oats or Sessile-leaved Bellwort   (Uvularia sessilifolia)

wild oats IMG_3075rcr_wg IMG_3457 Wild Oats -LK










Wood Anemone  (Anemone quinquefolia)

IMG_4830 Wood Anemone -WGIMG_3063 Wood Anemone -WG










Coltsfoot   (Tussilago farfara)

Coltsfoot -WG IMG_3746 Coltsfoot -LKColtsfoot -LK










Trout Lily  (Erythronium americanum)

trout lily IMG_3082rcr_wg trout lily IMG_3084rcr_wgTrout Lily -LK










Yellow Clintonia or Bluebead Lily  (Clintonia borealis)

yellow Clintonia IMG_1052rcr_wgIMG_5140 Yellow Clintonia -LK









Downy Yellow Violet  (Viola pubescens)

Downy Yellow Violet -LK










Roundleaf Violet  (Viola rotundifolia)

yellow violet IMG_3072rcr_wgyellow violet IMG_0888rcr_wg









Yellow Wood Sorrel  (Oxalis stricta)

IMG_4948 Yellow Wood Sorrel -LK










Jack-in-the-pulpit  (Arisaema triphyllum)










Red Trillium  (Trillium erectum)

red trillium IMG_3057rcr_wg Red Trillium -LKIMG_7486 Red Trillium, White Variety -LK









Painted Trillium  (Trillium undulatum)

painted trillium IMG_3118rcr_wgIMG_3783 Painted Trillium -LK Red Trillium -LK









Spring Beauties  (Claytonia caroliniana)

spring beauties IMG_0875cr_wgSpring Beauties -LKIMG_7490 Spring Beauties -LK










Two-leaf Toothwort or Crinkleroot (Cardamine diphylla)

IMG_7450 Two-leaf Toothwort -LKIMG_7451 Two-leaf Toothwort -LK










Blue Cohosh  (Caulophyllum thalictroides)

Blue Cohosh -LK Blue Cohosh -LKIMG_5176 Blue Cohosh -LK








IMG_3948 Blue Cohosh -WG








Blue Violet  (Viola sororia and/or Viola cucullata)

blue violets IMG_0927rcr_wgBlue violet I_hrBlue Violet -LK









Marsh Blue Violet   (Viola cucullata)

Marsh Blue Violet -LKIMG_7844 Marsh Blue Violet -LK










Ground Ivy or Gill-over-the-ground  (Glechoma hederacea)

Ground Ivy -LK










False Hellebore  (Veratrum viride)  – highly toxic

skunk cabbage (false hellebore) IMG_3059rcr_wgIMG_8040 False Hellebore -LKIMG_8034 False Hellebore -LK









Ramps (Wild Leeks)  (Allium tricoccum)

IMG_4823 Ramps -WGramps (wild leeks) IMG_3054rcr_wg








Wild Ginger  (Asarum canadense)

IMG_7542 Wild Dinger -LKWild Ginger_hrWild Ginger -LK












Aniseroot or Long-styled Sweet Cicely  (Osmorhiza longistylis)

IMG_7623 Aniseroot -LKIMG_7625 Aniseroot -LK










Red Baneberry  (Actaea rubra)

IMG_3650 Red Baneberry -LKRed Baneberry -LKIMG_4278 IMG_4278 -LK










White Baneberry or Doll’s Eyes  (Actaea pachypoda)

IMG_5009 White Baneberry (Doll's Eyes) -LKWhite Baneberry -LK









Canada Mayflower  (Maianthemum canadense)

IMG_3935 Canada Mayflower -LKIMG_5139 Canada Mayflower - LK










Wild Strawberry  (Fragaria virginiana)

Common Strawberry -LKCommon Strawberry -LKIMG_1154 Common Strawberry -WG










Downy Serviceberry  (Amelanchier arborea)

Downy Serviceberrry -LK








Early Saxifrage  (Saxifraga virginiensis)

IMG_3577 Early Saxifrage -LKIMG_3578 Early Saxifrage -LK










False Solomon’s Seal (Smilacina racemosa)

IMG_7937 False Solomon's Seal -LKFalse Solomon's Seal -LKIMG_5256 False Solomon's seal -LK



 Flowering Dogwood  (Cornus florida)

Flowering Dogwood -LKFlowering Dogwood -LK




Garlic Mustard  (Alliaria petiolata)

 IMG_4899 Garlic Mustard -WGIMG_4901 Garlic Mustard -WG




Hobblebush  (Viburnum lantanoides)

IMG_3495 Hobblebush - LK IMG_3738 Hobblebush -LK







IMG_5379 Hobblebush -LK








Smooth Solomon’s Seal  (Polygonatum biflorum)

Smoothe Solomon’s Seal -HRIMG_5306 Smooth Solomon's Seal -LK







Twoleaf Miterwort or Bishop’s Cap  (Mitella diphylla)

IMG_3654c Miterwort -LKMiterwort -LK










White (Canada) Violet  (Viola canadensis)

white violet IMG_3081rcr_wg






Wild Sarsaparilla   (Aralia nudicaulis)

IMG_3942 Wild Sarsaparilla -LK IMG_3943 Wild Sarsaparilla -LK










Barren Strawberry  (Waldsteinia fragarioides)

IMG_8049 Barren Strawberry -LKIMG_8050 Barren Strawberry -LK










Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil  (Potentilla canadensis)

IMG_7946 Canadian Dwarf Cinquefoil -LKCanadian Dwarf Cinquefoil -WG








Common Dandelion  (Taraxacum officinale)

Dandelion -WGIMG_3159 Dandelion -WG









Common Winter Cress or Yellow Rocket   (Barbarea vulgaris)

IMG_3748 Common Winter Cress -LKIMG_3748cr Winter Cress -LK










Golden Alexanders  (Zizia aurea)

IMG_3948 Golden Alexanders -LK Golden Alexanders - LK










Golden Ragwort   (Senecio aureus)

IMG_4905 Golden ragwort -WGGolden Ragwort -LK








Hooked Buttercup or Hooked Crowfoot  (Ranunculus recurvatus)

IMG_7914 Hooked Buttercup -LK IMG_7915 Hooked Buttercup -LK







Marsh Marigold or Cowslip  (Caltha palustris)

IMG_7842 Marsh Marigold -LKMarsh Marigold -LK








Mayapple or Mandrake  (Podophyllum peltatum)

Mayapple - LKMayapple -LK










Rough-fruited Cinquefoil  (Potentilla recta)

IMG_5105 Rough-fruited Cinquefoil -LKIMG_5106 Rough-fruited Cinquefoil -LK










Eastern Red Columbine  (Aquilegia canadensis)

Wild colombine -HRIMG_3278 Wild Columbine -WG








Fringed Polygala or Gaywings  (Polygala paucifolia)

IMG_7733 Fringed Polygala -LKFringed Polygala -LK










Pink Lady’s Slipper (Cypripedium acaule)










Ragged Robin  (Lychnis flos-cuculi)

IMG_3899 Ragged Robin -LK Ragged Robin -LK










Rosy Twisted-stalk  (Streptopus roseus)

Rose Twisted-stalk -LK Rose Twisted-stalk -LKFalse Solomon's Seal - LK








Wild Geranium or Spotted Geranium (Geranium maculatum)

Wild Geranium -LKIMG_7604 Wild Geranium -LK








Bird’s-eye Speedwell  (Veronica Chamaedrys)

IMG_3856 Bird's-eye Speedwell -WGBird's-eye Speedwell -LK








Bluets  (Houstonia caerulea)

Bluets -LKIMG_7628 Bluets -LK










Robin’s Plantain  (Erigeron pulchellus)

IMG_7964 Robin's Plantain -LKIMG_7963 Robin's Plantain -LK










Wild Blue Phlox or Wild Sweet William  (Phlox divaricata)

IMG_7564 Wild Blu Phlox -LK












Black Raspberry   (Rubus occidentalis)

IMG_1079 Black Raspberry - WG








Bladder Campion  (Silene vulgaris)

IMG_4087 bladder campion -LKbladder campion -LK










Common Blackberry  (Rubus allegheniensis)

IMG_1080 Blackberry -WGcommon blackberry -LKIMG_2595 Blackberry -WG









Common Chickweed  (Stellaria media)

Star Chickweed -LK IMG_4906 Star Chickweed -LK










Indian Cucumber Root  (Medeola virginiana)

Indian Cucumber Root -LKIndian Cucumber Root -LK










Lowbush Blueberry  (Vaccinium angustifolium)

IMG_1115 Lowbush Blueberry -WGLowbush Blueberry -LK



Mountain Laurel  (Kalmia latifolia)

Mountain Laurel -LK IMG_1083 mountain laurel -WGIMG_1126 mountain laurel -WG










Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora)

Multiflora Rose -WGMultiflora Rose -WGMultiflora Rose



 Northern Dewberry  (Rubus flagellaris or Rubus hispidus)

IMG_4401 Northern Dewberry -LK








Partridgeberry  (Mitchella repens)

Partridge berry flowers -HRIMG_5303 Partridge berry -LK




Red Raspberry  (Rubus strigosus)

Red Raspberry -WG Red Raspberry -WGIMG_3412

Tall Meadow Rue  (Thalictrum polygamum)

IMG_4265 Tall Meadow Rue - LKIMG_4262 Tall Meadow Rue -LKIMG_4995 Tall Mountain Rue -WG










Virginia Waterleaf  (Hydrophyllum virginianum)

Virginia waterleaf -HRVirginia Waterleaf -LK








Greater Celandine  (Chelidonium majus)

IMG_3184 Greater Celandine -WGGreater Celandine -LK



Moneywort or Creeping Jenny  (Lysimachia nummularia)

Moneywort -WG








Yellow Sweet Clover  (Melilotus officinalis)

Yellow Sweet Clover -WG Yellow Sweet Clover -LK






Musk Mallow   (Malva moschata)

Cut-leafed Cranesbill -WGIMG_3981 Cut-leafed Cranesbill -WG


Common Milkweed   (Asclepias syriaca)

Common Milkweed -LK Common Milkweed -LK










Common Wild Rose or Virginia Rose (Rosa virginiana)

Wild (Virginia) Rose -WG IMG_4400 Wild (Virginia) Rose -WG






Dame’s Rocket  (Hesperis matronalis)

IMG_3906 Dame's Rocket -LK IMG_3903 Dame's Rocket -LKIMG_3902 Dame's Rocket -LK










Herb Robert   (Geranium robertianum)

IMG_5013 Herb Robert -LK Herb Robert -LK










Pinxter  (Rhododendron prinophyllum)

Pinxter -WG Pinxter -DF








Purple-Flowered Raspberry  (Rubus odoratus)

Purple Flowered Raspberry -WGPurple Flowered Raspberry -WGIMG_5002 Purple-flowering Raspberry -LK









Red Clover  (Trifolium pratense)

IMG_4366 Red Clover -WG Red Clover -LK









Common Wood Sorrel  (Oxalis montana)

Wood SorrelWood Sorrel -LK


Blue-eyed Grass  (Sisyrinchium angustifolium)

IMG_4408 Blue-eyed Grass -LKIMG_0940 Blue-eyed Grass -WG










Blue Flag  (Iris versicolor)

PICT1343 Blue Flag -WGBlue Flag -LK










Heal-all  (Prunella vulgaris)

Heal-all -WGIMG_4257 Heal-all -LK










Viper’s Bugloss  (Echium vulgare)

IMG_3276 Echium vulgare -WG IMG_4884 Echium vulgare -LK













Arrow-leaved Tearthumb  (Polygonum sagittatum)

IMG_4803 Arrow-leaved Tearthumb -LK Arrow-leaved Tearthumb -LK










Bouncing Bet   (Saponaria officinalis)

IMG_4583 Bouncing Bet -LK IMG_4891 Bouncing Bet -LK










Daisy Fleabane  (Erigeron annuus)

Daisy Fleabane -LKDaisy Fleabane -LK










Indian Pipe  (Monotropa uniflora)

IMG_3405 Indian Pipe -WGIMG_3392 Indian Pipe - WG










Ox-eye Daisy  (Leucanthemum vulgare)

DCF 1.0 Oxeye Daisy -WGOxeye Daisy -LK










Pearly Everlasting  (Anaphalis margaritacea)

IMG_4630 Pearly Everlasting -LKPearly Everlasting -LK










Queen Anne’s Lace  (Daucus carota)

IMG_5100 Queen Anne's Lace -LK Queen Anne's Lace -LK










Turtlehead  (Chelone glabra)

IMG_5132 Turtlehead - LKIMG_4834 Turtlehead -LK










Yarrow  (Achillea millefolium)

PICT1358 Yarrow -WGYarrow -LK










 Virgin’s Bower or Devil’s Darning Needles  (Clematis virginiana)

IMG_4819 Virgin's Bower -LK IMG_4821 Virgin's Bower -LKIMG_4611 Virgin's Bower Clematis










Agrimony  (Agrimonia gryposepala)

IMG_4924(1) - Agrimony -LKIMG_4927 Agrimony -LK










Birdsfoot Trefoil  (Lotus corniculatus)

PICT1330 Birdsfoot Trefoil -WG  Birdsfoot Trefoil -LK









Black-eyed Susan  (Rudbeckia hirta)

IMG_5036 Black-eyed Susan -LKBlack-eyed Susan -LK



Butter-and-eggs  (Linaria vulgaris)

IMG_5113 Butter-and-eggs -LK Butter-and-eggs -LK










Common Buttercup (Tall Buttercup)  (Ranunculus acris)

Buttercup -LKButtercup- LK










Common Tansy  (Tanacetum vulgare)

IMG_5102 Common Tansy -LK IMG_5104 Common Tansy -LK










Curly Dock  (Rumex crispus)

IMG_3366 Curly Dock -WG



Evening Primrose  (Oenothera biennis)

IMG_4419 Evening Primrose -LK Evening Primrose -LK










Fringed Loosestrife  (Lysimachia ciliata)

IMG_4368 Fringed Loosestrife -LK Fringed Loosestrife -LK










Hawkweed Ox-tongue or Bitterweed  (Picris hieracioides)

IMG_4321 Two-flowered Cynthia -LK IMG_4320 Two-flowered Cynthia - LK



Yellow Hawkweed (King Devil)  (Hieracium pratense)

PICT1322 Yellow Hawkweed (King Devil) -WG  Yellow Hawkweed (King Devil) -LK










Orange Hawkweed (Devil’s Paintbrush)  (Hieracium aurantiacum)

Orange Hawkweed (Devil's Paintbrush) -WGOrange Hawkweed (Devil's Paintbrush) -LK









Common Mullein or Great Mullein  (Verbascum thapsus)

IMG_3373 Common Mullein -WGIMG_4989 Common Mullein -LK


Northern Bush Honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera)

Northern Bush Honeysuckle -HR



Pale Touch-me-not (Jewelweed)  (Impatiens pallida)

IMG_3451 Pale Touch-me-not (Jewelweed) -WGIMG_4993 Pale Touch-me-not (Jewelweed) -LK










Spotted Touch-me-not (Jewelweed)  (Impatiens capensis)

IMG_4809 Spotted Touch-me-not (Jewelweed) -LKIMG_4478 Spotted Touch-me-not (Jewelweed) -LK










St. Johnswort  (Hypericum perforatum)

IMG_4349 St. Johnswort -LK IMG_4350 St. Johnswort -LK









Woodland Sunflower  (Helianthus strumosus)

IMG_4497 Woodland Sunflower -WGIMG_4496 Woodland Sunflower -WGWoodland Sunflower -RM













Bee Balm  (Monarda didyma)

IMG_3385 Bee Balm -WGIMG_3384 Bee Balm -WG








Bull Thistle  (Cirsium vulgare)

IMG_4845 Bull Thistle -LK Bull Thistle -LK










Burdock  (Arctium minus)

Burdock -LKIMG_4791 Burdock -LK









Cardinal Flower  (Lobelia cardinalis)

IMG_4597 Cardinal Flower -LKCardinal Flower -LK










Creeping Bellflower  (Campanula rapunculoides)

FullSizeRender(7) IMG_5397





Crown Vetch  (Coronilla varia)

IMG_4076(1) Crown Vetch -LK Crown Vetch -LK










Meadow Phlox or Wild Sweet-william  (Phlox maculata)

IMG_4910 Garden Phlox -LKIMG_4913 Meadow Phlox -LK










Summer Phlox or Garden Phlox  (Phlox paniculata)

IMG_4921 Meadow Phlox -LKIMG_4104 Garden Phlox -WG










Helleborine Orchid  (Epipactis helleborine)

Helleborine orchid -LK IMG_4011 Helleborine Orchid -WG









Knapweed  (Centaurea maculosa)

Knapweed -WG Knapweed -WGKnapweed -WG




Meadowsweet  (Spiraea latifolia)

IMG_4373 Meadowsweet -LK Meadowsweet -LK










Spotted Joe-pye Weed  (Eutrochium maculatum)

IMG_4762 Spotted Joe-pye Weed -LK Spotted Joe-pye Weed -LK










Wild Basil  (Clinopodium vulgare)

IMG_4889 Wild Basil -LKIMG_4890 Wild Basil -LK










Wild Marjoram  (Origanum vulgare)

IMG_4899 Wild Marjoram -LK










Wild Mint  (Mentha arvensis)

IMG_4797 Wild Mint -LK










Blue Vervain    (Verbena hastata)

Blue Vervain -WGIMG_7320




Bottle Gentian or Closed Gentian  (Gentiana andrewsii)

IMG_2675 Bottle Gentian -WG Blue bottle gentian2_HR









Chicory  (Cichorium intybus)

IMG_4862 Chicory -LK Chicory -LK










True Forget-me-not  (Myosotis sylvatica)

IMG_3749 True Forget-me-not -LKDCF 1.0










Bittersweet Nightshade  (Solanum dulcamara)

FullSizeRender(58) Bittersweet Nightshade -LKIMG_4828









Cow Vetch  (Vicia cracca)

 Cow Vetch -LK Cow Vetch 2 -LK










Fireweed  (Epilobium augustifolium)

 Fireweed -LK FullSizeRender(62)










Lesser Purple Fringed Orchid  (Platanthera psycodes)

Lesser Purple Fringed Orchid -WG lesser purple fringed orchid



Purple Loosestrife  (Lythrum salicaria)

IMG_5016 Purple Loosestrife -LK










Wild Thyme  (Thymus serpyllum)

IMG_5170 Wild Thyme -LKIMG_5116 Wild Thyme -LK












Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum)

IMG_5413 Boneset LK










Flat-topped White Aster  (Doellingeria umbellata)

IMG_5216 Flat-topped White Aster (LK










Hoary Mountain Mint  (Pycnanthemun incanum)

IMG_4642 Hoary Mountain Mint -LK








Lowrie’s Aster  (Symphyotrichum lowrieanum)

IMG_5772 Lowrie's Aster -LK  Lowrie's Aster -LK










Nodding ladies’-tresses orchid  (Spiranthes cernua)

Spiranthes cernuanodding ladies' tresses










Rattlesnake Root  (Prenanthes alba)

IMG_4936 Rattlesnake Root -LK IMG_5252 Rattlesnake Root -LK










Silver-rod  (Solidago bicolor)

IMG_5262 Silver-rod -LK IMG_5261 Silver-rod -LK










White Snakeroot  (Ageratina altissima)

IMG_5179 White Wood Aster -LKIMG_5182 White Wood Aster -LK








White Wood Aster  (Eurybia divaricata)

IMG_4894 White Snakeroot -LK  White Snakeroot -LK










Whorled Wood Aster  (Oclemena acuminata)

IMG_5199 Whorled Wood Aster -LK IMG_5200 Whorled Wood Aster -LKIMG_5188 Whorled Wood Aster -LK










Blue-stemmed Goldenrod  (Solidago caesia)

IMG_5575 Blue-stemmed Goldenrod -LK










Lance-leaved Goldenrod  (Euthamia graminifolia)

IMG_5114 Lance-leaved Goldenrod -LK










Tall Goldenrod  (Solidago altissima)

IMG_5221 Tall Goldenrod -LK










Zigzag Goldenrod  (Solidago flexicaulis)

Zigzag Goldenrod -LK










Calico Aster  (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum)

IMG_5778 Calico Aster - LKIMG_5774 Calico Aster - LK










New England Aster  (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)

IMG_5405 New England Aster -LK New England Aster - LK IMG_5699 New England Aster -LK










Smooth Blue Aster  ( Symphyotrichum laeve)

Smooth Blue Aster -WG



Wild Bergamot  (Monarda fistulosa)

IMG_5345 Wild Bergamot -LK IMG_5272 Wild Bergamot -LK